Let us discuss teenager’s anxiety and teenager’s depression one by one.
Teenagers stress is discussed by everyone, in homes, schools, peers themselves still teenager stress is turning onto an epidemic worldwide. It is very taxing to teenager and parents both. To understand this stress, we need more wide vision and perception and knowledge about it. We usually combine teenager anxiety and teenager depression in combination or alone to describe teenager stress.
Teen anxiety disorder is a condition usually characterized by marked fear and worry. Commonly, triggered by a sudden event or continuous trauma, Teenagers anxiety manifest through different degrees of severity, from constant irrational unease to terrible panic attacks.
While most people experience a certain level of anxiety over normal events in life, anxiety attacks can occur without reason. The types of treatments available for addressing teen anxiety disorders are largely dependent on the type of anxiety from which a teen is suffering, as well as preferred personality type they carry.
Psychological reason of Excessive Anxiety
- Excessive Drug use and the symptoms associated with withdrawal
- Family history of anxiety disorders
- Experience of trauma
- Peer pressure
- Approval from parents
- Limited Perception
- Personality Disorders
- Other, underlying, mental health issues
Other reasons could be Hyperthyroidism, hormonal disturbances, etc.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety
- Fatigue and disturbed sleep
- Chest Pain
- Gastrointestinal Disturbances
- Panic attracts
- Teenager’s Depression
Depression is a Mood Disorder characterized by an overwhelming, prolonged sense of sadness that doesn’t alter or improve based on circumstances. A person with Depression can still experience periods of relief and periods of more intense sadness, but overall, positive feelings feel dampened or darkened by the overreaching “cloud.” This constant weight of sadness can cause a person to feel apathetic toward life and distanced from people, sometimes leading to suicidal thoughts. When considering various approaches to teen depression treatment, it’s important to understand that depression is distinct from normal sadness.
Symptoms of Depression
- The feeling of sadness, guilt or shame
- Changes in appetite
- Changes in Appetite
- Feeling of Rejection
- Withdrawing from social activities
Depression typically refers to major depressive disorder, a serious mental health condition that affects millions of Americans and involves negative feelings that impact a teen’s appetite, sleeping habits, hobbies, and work responsibilities, for more than two weeks. The negative feelings associated with depression come in many different forms, from unexplained sadness and sorrow, to sudden irritability, feelings of worthlessness, frustrations aimed at oneself, sudden insecurities, and self-esteem problems, as well as mental and physical lethargy.
However, depressive symptoms are not unique to MDD, and these depressive symptoms can manifest as milder disorders, or as a symptom in different, rarer depressive disorders. While there are over a dozen proposed types of teen depression, the most common include:
Major depressive disorder – also known as a clinical or severe depression, this is usually what depression refers to. Teens with this type of depression will usually experience re-occurring episodes.
Manic-depressive disorder – also known as bipolar depression, this disorder is characterized by periods of manic behavior and periods of depressive behavior. Periods typically last a few months.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder – as an extension of PMS, PMDD involves sudden depressive symptoms before a patient’s cycle begins, and in some cases the depressive symptoms persist through the cycle.
Seasonal affective disorder – or SAD, this type of depression is associated with a vitamin D deficiency from a lack of sunlight, especially in winter.
Persistent depressive disorder – also known as dysthymia, or mild depression, this is a diagnosis of a consistent and irrational low mood over months and years, not enough to count as MDD, but enough to disrupt life and cause distress.
Situational depression – caused by a life-changing event, such as losing a job, ending a relationship, or losing a family member.
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Let us combine causes of teenage stress again
Physical diseases – teenagers stress can be triggered by another serious illness, especially those in the brain and endocrine system.
Hormone imbalance – Sometimes caused by hypothyroidism, a genetic condition, or as part of a pregnancy. Endocrinology plays a significant role in a teen’s anxiety and depression.
Neurotransmitter imbalance – Some people with teenager stress may struggle with a shortage of certain important mood-regulating neurotransmitters, like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.
Chronic pain and chronic fatigue – These conditions are complex, at times a result of genetics, at other times the result of frequent injuries. Constant pain can lead to depression.
Environmental factors – Trauma, bullying, abuse, upbringing, loss, and other environmental factors can increase a teen’s vulnerability to stress.
Excessive substance use – Drug use can affect a teen’s brain and mood regulation, causing mood swings, low or anxious moods, and depressive symptoms.
Certain personality traits – Teens who struggle with low self-esteem or being too dependent are more prone to developing depression or anxiety
Some of these causes of teen stress are a matter of nurture, others are a matter of nature. In most cases, teens experience a combination of both before they have their first depressive episode. After that, episodes may be triggered by something sad, or come out of nowhere.
How Can I Help My Teen With Stress?
Educate yourself on teen depression or anxiety – Becoming more informed on teen depression by learning the signs and symptoms will help you identify depression in your teen early on. The sooner teen depression is identified, the better it can be treated.
Talk to your teen – Talking to your teen can help them feel more supported and less alone. Be sure to ask your teen questions in a non-judgmental way. It’s important to find out if your teen is thinking about suicide. If you believe your teen is in danger, take them to the nearest emergency room.
Seek professional mental health help – A mental health evaluation will let you know if your teen has depression. Once your teen has been properly diagnosed, you can explore the many mental health treatment options available to you.
Get support for yourself – Learning that you teen has a mental health disorder is not easy. Parents often forget that they, too, need support during this time. By attending to your own needs, it allows you to be a more effective parent to your teen.
A variety of forms of talk therapy that can help teen gain clarity to what they are feeling,
They get insight as to what improves or worsens those feelings and relief from the overwhelming sense of isolation. Despite being more common than other mental illnesses, adolescent stress is ultimately still often misunderstood and stigmatized.
Talk therapy helps patients work through these fears and feelings of stigma and see their condition in a more truthful light. Finally, engaging in psychotherapy and establishing a genuine connection with a therapist can provide relief and hope, and remind a teen that they are not alone. Common forms of psychotherapy that have been found to be effective in the treatment of teen depression or anxiety include cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectic behavior therapy, family therapy, and group therapy.
Some cases of teen depression or anxiety cannot be treated without medication. However, medication is not always effective. Most cases of teenager stress disorder are managed through medication and therapy, while milder conditions like dysthymia often do not require medication to see symptoms improve. When they do work, a medication help a teen with stress feel neutral, rather than experiencing a constant lull, by affecting the perception and release of neurotransmitters in the brain.
When a psychiatrist prescribes medication, it is important to note that it takes time for the drugs to effectively treat stress.
This process can take up to a month. When switching drugs, your psychiatrist will often ask a patient to slowly wean off their previous medication, and stay off medication for a period of time, before testing another medication. It may take several tries before you find the right medication for your case, but it’s well worth the wait. Aside from therapy and medication, there are other alternative stress treatment methods.
Osho clinic Psychiatry & Psychology provides both above-mentioned treatments and other alternative and newer methods.
The clinic has a facility of biofeedback, Vagus nerve stimulation, and other alternative treatment facilities. Osho clinic is fully equipped with all the treatment modalities except surgical interventions.
Osho Clinic (Psychiatry & Psychology)